• settings_applicationsWhich devices and web browsers are useable and which security settings are necessary?
    • It is recommended to run the EPC.App on a desktop computer or laptop with mouse. EPC.App is not yet optimized for small screens or touchscreen editing.
    • The EPC.App should work at least on the latest versions of Google-Chrome, Mozilla-Firefox, Microsoft-Edge, and Apple-Safari, but not Microsoft-Internet Explorer. In the browser settings, javascript and pop-ups have to be enabled.
    • The Firewall has to provide access to the following URLs:
  • chat_bubble_outlineHow can I add my own annotations?
    • Select “Edit” in 1st menu bar and set editability-selector in 2nd menu bar to “editable” (bright)
    • Right to legal texts: Select a paragraph to be annotated, select the speech balloon icon from the toolbox in the 2nd menu bar (see picture), and select the writing prompt “Type something here…” which is added in the right column

      Screenshot EPC-App toolbar
    • Below articles: Select the speech balloon icon below an article and select the added writing prompt “Type something here…” (coming soon)
    • Within legal texts (inline-comment): Mark a text passage with the cursor, select the speech balloon icon in square brackets from the toolbox, and select the square brackets added right to the marked text passage (if the icon is greyed-out, probably no text passage is marked so that no position is defined)
    • Markings of legal texts: Mark a text passage with the cursor and select a marking type from the toolbox. Markings that overlap others do overwrite these in the common area. Markings can be removed by selecting a passage again and selecting the eraser icon from the toolbox.

      Colored annotations
  • save_altHow can I save my annotations and changes?
    • All annotations and changes get saved automatically (at least upon selecting a different element). There is no separate save button. For comments, saving is confirmed by a yellow frame displayed around the comment field. If the frame turns red, an error occurred and the change could not be saved (eventually a further attempt may help).
  • createHow can authors' annotations be adapted according to my personal preferences?
    • Contents added to articles (Rules, Protocols, G-Decisions, Comment-blocks below articles, …) can be hidden under menu item “Edit>Structure“, by selecting the respective element and selecting “hidden” in the edit menu.
    • Authors' comments and paragraphs of legal texts (except articles) can be hidden individually, by selecting the text element and selecting “hide“ from the toolbox. Any hidden elements can be temporarily shown by selecting the menu item „Edit>Show all“. They can individually be re-displayed with permanent effect, by selecting the text elements (in the temporarily shown state) and selecting “display“ from the toolbox.

      Screenshot EPC-App toolbar long
    • Marking styles (e.g. underline, highlight, bold, …) can be changed under menu item “Settings”, and then consistently affect all markings of the changed type throughout the book, both in the web browser view and in the generated PDF. For example, the marking of all legal consequences (by default underlined in red) can be further enhanced by a red text color or red highlight, or made more distinct from other underlines on a black-and-white print by a contrast-inverted highlight or thicker underline (see pictures below). In the color selection window, brightness/saturation can be adjusted on a 2D selection area, while the transparency value selection has no effect. Changes are saved individually per user and can be returned to the default values.

      Marking styles
  • gestureWhich abbreviations are used and what is their meaning?
    • As far as possible, only widely common abbreviations are used, see following table
    • Use of these abbreviations is also necessary for assigning new contents to Articles and for adding links to other contents in comments

      Abbreviations (incl. citation examples)  
      A. 53(b) Article
      OJ 2018, A44 Official Journal
      OJ 2016 SE4, A.3 Official Journal Special edition / Supplementary publication
      Prot. Recog. Protocol on Recognition
      rO receiving Office
      eO elected Office
      DecP Decision of the President
      DecAC Decision of the Administrative Council
      dO designated Office
      SESR supplementary European search report
      SISR Supplementary International Search Report
      SISA Supplementary International Searching Authority
      EESR Extended European Search Report
      EP European
      EPO European Patent Office
      EPC European Patent Convention
      Rfees Rules relating to Fees
      Prot. Immunities Protocol on Privileges and Immunities
      IB International Bureau
      IPE International Preliminary Examination
      London Agr. London Agreement
      IPEA International Preliminary Examining Authority
      IPER International Preliminary Examination Report
      ISA International Searching Authority
      ISR International Search Report
      Notice EPO Notice from the European Patent Office
      NatL IV, 4 National law relating to the EPC
      PC Paris Convention
      Euro-PCT-AG Euro-PCT Guide for applicants
      Prot. Staff. Protocol on Staff Complement
      Prot. Art. 69 Protocol on the Interpretation of Article 69 EPC
      CLBoA I.C.2.1 Case Law of the Boards of Appeal
      R. 126(2) Rule
      GL A-VII, 3.2 Guidelines for Examination in the European Patent Office
      WO-ISA Written Opinion of the International Searching Authority
      RBoA Rules of Procedure of the Boards of Appeal
      REBoA Rules of Procedure of the Enlarged Board of Appeal
      AC Administrative Council
      AAD Arrangements for the automatic debiting procedure
      ADA Arrangements for deposit accounts
      FP Further processing
      RE Re-establishment
      y / m / w / d year / month / week / day
      Prot. Centr. Protocol on Centralisation
  • commentHow can I add further legal contents?

    The EPC.App includes a comprehensive database of relevant legal contents (selected according to the EQE-regulations), which are not all added to the annotated text. From this database, users can add further contents (therein missing ones currently not).

    • Links to other contents in comments (e.g. Official Journal articles and decisions from the case law database) can be added, by typing an abbreviated content element (see Which abbreviations are used and what is their meaning?), marking the abbreviated content element with the cursor, selecting the #-icon from the toolbox, and selecting from the recognized elements (dropdown menu). If the link is not generated, either the used abbreviation may be not correct or the element is not in the database (e.g. for older Official Journal articles and decisions cited less often). Such links can be used for navigation, if the editability-selector in the 2nd menu bar is grayed-out.
    • Contents added to articles (e.g. Rules, Decisions) can be added under the menu item “Edit>Structure“, by selecting “+linked content“, typing the abbreviated element (see Which abbreviations are used and what is their meaning?) and selecting the desired target (from dropdown menu). At this point, also subgroups (sub headings) can be added by selecting “+group for linked content“. Added contents can be reordered by Drag-and-Drop, wherein possible new positions are indicated by yellow bars.
  • syncHow do I receive updates from the authors without losing my own annotations?
    • The EPC.App is implemented as a database, which is accessed both by authors and by users, and in which user annotations are assigned to individual elements of the legal text. Updates of the legal texts are carried out by the authors, so that annotations which are assigned to non-amended elements remain unchanged. Newer versions of legal texts are added without removing outdated ones from the database, so that the latter can still be compared by adding them individually (see Contents added to articles) and for transferring possibly missing annotations.
    • All amended elements of legal texts and authors' comments are provided with blue update notes explaining changes respectively of the element above each note. An overview of all update notes can be found under “Navigation>Notes”, where you can select elements to quickly navigate to the respective positions. You can also jump from one change to the other using the back and forward buttons of the “Note Assistant” which can be activated by selecting “Navigation>Notes”. The update notes can be removed individually by selecting “Edit”, then the note, and then “hide” from the Edit toolbar. They can later be redisplayed by selecting “Show all“ (see also Authors' comments and paragraphs of legal texts).
    • The update notes can also be exported to the PDF (checkbox “with update notes” under PDF Jobs) to track amended pages. The PDF then contains an additional overview page for all notes (with page numbers and links to the respective positions), and the explaining content of the notes is displayed on the upper left corner of each amended text element (we recommend to use Acrobat Reader rather than the web-browser integrated PDF viewers). When using same layout settings as in a previously printed PDF, the exported update notes will indicate required replacement pages corresponding to your personal settings and content, but keep in mind that an amendment itself may further change subsequent page breaks. In general, replacements can be simplified by using the default “blank pages + articlewise numbering” PDF-option and replacing affected article sections completely (see also How does the PDF-generation work?).

      Update notes
  • doneDo the updates take the preparation for the European Qualifying Examination into consideration?

    Of course, the authors have the EQE in mind with respect to all updates:

    • With the update in November, the content is brought in line with the law in force on 31 October, as relevant for the subsequent exam. The Guidelines are updated to the latest version applying as from 1 November because this is considered most suitable for the EQE. Namely, this version of the Guidelines only summarizes legal matters that entered into force on or before 31 October and are hence to be considered. And, this version is clearly accepted to be cited in the EQE as confirmed in the Examiner’s report of paper D 2018 and by the EQE Committees (it is recommended to mention the used version of the Guidelines once in your answer). Other parts in force only as of 1 November are clearly indicated in the EPC.App.
    • Further updates of the content (despite bugfixes) will be included only in April, after the EQE.
  • notesHow can I take notes on my work progress?
    • Yellow user notes can be added by selecting a text block, selecting the drawing pin icon from the toolbox, and selecting the writing prompt “Type something here…” in the added yellow box. Such notes will not be exported to the PDF-file and serve to keep records of the personal work progress. Under the menu item "Navigation>Notes" you can find an overview of all notes with the possibility to jump to the corresponding positions and a “Note Assistant” for jumping from one note to the next.
    • Blue update notes are added with content updates for explaining changes by the authors. These notes can be hidden individually by each user or exported to the PDF-file (see also How do I receive updates from the authors without losing my own annotations?).
  • picture_as_pdfHow does the PDF-generation work?
    • LaTeX is used for PDF-generation, i.e. from the text displayed on the website, LaTeX-code is generated, which is then typeset into PDF via a LaTeX-converter (while hidden elements and notes are ignored and a table of contents is generated). Hereby, it is attempted to reproduce the layout of the website as close as possible. Due to different page breaks and page borders as well as optimizations by the typesetting system, there are limitations to this. Please be patient, the PDF-generation of the entire EPC using this typesetting concept may take several minutes and may be delayed in case of plural parallel user requests.
    • By default, the PDF is optimized for being printed and placed into a folder. To this end, the PDF contains additional blank pages so as to place articles of the EPC always on odd numbered pages (appearing on the right side in double-sided printing for faster access). The page numbering is restarted per article so that changes to one article do not influence the page numbers of others (for ease of replacing pages). Moreover, separation pages are added between parts/chapters of the EPC with summaries of subsequent content.
    • Alternatively, for optimizing the PDF to electronic reading or creating a thin bound book, said additional blank pages can be suppressed and the pages can be numbered continuously over the entire book. Independent therefrom, the default separation pages between parts/chapters of the EPC including content summaries can further be suppressed and the font size of legal texts can be reduced from a default value of 10pt to 9pt. If all page saving options are activated, the total number of pages in the PDF can be reduced by more than 250 without removing any real content of the book. All options can be found on the "PDF-Generation" page in pulldown menus right to "GENERATE NEW PDF".

      Print options
  • dashboardCan I influence in which column certain elements are displayed?
    • Under menu item “Edit>Structure“, by selecting a content element, it can be chosen between single-column and two-column layout of the content element from the edit menu selectable below. Moreover, by selecting a group (heading) and selecting “manual break“ in the respective edit menu, switching to the left column in two-column layout can be enforced.
    • However, please consider also that the content may be displayed differently on different web browsers. EPC.App is a javascript-based web browser application. Some web browsers do not comply with standards and ignore certain layout commands or interpret them in different ways.
  • warningHow is the availability of the EPC.App ensured?
    • The EPC.App is executed via a professional cloud service in a large datacenter within the EU. The datacenter complies with certified standards on data security as well as availability (e.g. according to ISO/IEC 27018 and ISO/IEC 27001/27002:2013), and assures a server availability for at least 99.95% of the time.
    • The users can generate a PDF including the whole content as offline version or local backup as often as required. It is recommended to make use of this before important events of using the book. Such backups including personal annotations would also remain for each user after license-expiry.
    • The Authors do their best to resolve possible errors in the App as soon as possible and to keep interruptions for updates as short as possible.
  • schoolHow do I prepare for the European Qualifying Examination using the EPC.App?
    • Register for the EPC.App as soon as possible (starting offer: free for candidates)
    • Work through the whole EPC using the EPC.App and add own annotations (e.g. summaries of G-decisions in own words)
    • Create a complete PDF via the EPC.App at least one month before the exam, print it, and work on paper in the remaining time until the exam (training of visual and haptic memory for the exam)
    • Put the printed version into a folder with flags on sections of the EPC and/or articles for faster access
    • Don’t forget the PCT and note the upcoming PCT.App
    • Incorporate possible annotations added to the printed version back into the EPC.App after the exam
    EPC.App folder

    If you are interested in the displayed folder (as long as stocks last), please send an e-mail to support@ipappify.de.